Suffrage Resources

Ballot & Beyond is a multi-media public history exhibit and podcast highlighting the work of remarkable Maryland women with a focus on the state's suffragists and activists. More than 55 episodes are available now for streaming and reading on:

This second season of the podcast was made possible by a grant from the Maryland Historical Trust and the skilled volunteers of the Maryland Women's Heritage Center. Using a Heritage Fund grant, the Maryland Women's Heritage Center brought together researchers, writers, editors, and voices from across the state to produce 28 new audio biographies.

MWHC and the Jewish Museum Celebrated Sadie J. Crockin, with guest speaker, Sadie's Grand-daughter-in-law, and MWHC Board Member Sally T. Grant.
Please click this link to watch the video.  

Sadie Jacobs Crockin (circa 1920)

This speech was delivered in 1873, after Anthony was arrested, tried and fined $100 for voting in the 1872 presidential election.


Friends and Fellow Citizens: I stand before you tonight under indictment for the alleged crime of having voted at the last presidential election, without having a lawful right to vote. It shall be my work this evening to prove to you that in thus voting, I not only committed no crime, but, instead, simply exercised my citizen's rights, guaranteed to me and all United States citizens by the National Constitution, beyond the power of any State to deny.

The preamble of the Federal Constitution says:

"We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."

It was we, the people; not we, the white male citizens; nor yet we, the male citizens; but we, the whole people, who formed the Union. And we formed it, not to give the blessings of liberty, but to secure them; not to the half of ourselves and the half of our posterity, but to the whole people--women as well as men. And it is a downright mockery to talk to women of their enjoyment of the blessings of liberty while they are denied the use of the only means of securing them provided by this democratic-republican government--the ballot.

For any State to make sex a qualification that must ever result in the disfranchisement of one entire half of the people is to pass a bill of attainder, or an ex post facto law, and is therefore a violation of the supreme law of the land. By it the blessings of liberty are for ever withheld from women and their female posterity. To them this government has no just powers derived from the consent of the governed. To them this government is not a democracy. It is not a republic. It is an odious aristocracy; a hateful oligarchy of sex; the most hateful aristocracy ever established on the face of the globe; an oligarchy of wealth, where the right govern the poor. An oligarchy of learning, where the educated govern the ignorant, or even an oligarchy of race, where the Saxon rules the African, might be endured; but this oligarchy of sex, which makes father, brothers, husband, sons, the oligarchs over the mother and sisters, the wife and daughters of every household--which ordains all men sovereigns, all women subjects, carries dissension, discord and rebellion into every home of the nation.

Webster, Worcester and Bouvier all define a citizen to be a person in the United States, entitled to vote and hold office.

The only question left to be settled now is: Are women persons? And I hardly believe any of our opponents will have the hardihood to say they are not. Being persons, then, women are citizens; and no State has a right to make any law, or to enforce any old law, that shall abridge their privileges or immunities. Hence, every discrimination against women in the constitutions and laws of the several States is today null and void, precisely as in every one against Negroes.

Celebrating the Rewards of the Suffrage Movement
Article Written By: Danita Terry, Vice President, MWHC

With the 100th anniversary of women winning a hard fought battle to gain the right to vote as her backdrop, U.S. Senator Kamala Harris accepted the Democratic Party’s nomination for Vice President on August 19, 2020. Celebrating her nomination does not diminish the flagship efforts of Geraldine Ferraro in the 80s, Sarah Palin’s nomination in 2008, or the boldness of Shirley Chisholm’s and Hillary Clinton’s runs for our country’s highest office. Rather, it demonstrates women’s ascension in the political arena.

Women upended the political landscape in the 2018 midterm elections. They ran and won an historic number of House and Senate seats. Today, 127 women serve in the U.S. Congress; 26 women in the Senate and 101 women in the House. Congresswoman Nancy Pelosi (D-CA), the first woman Speaker of the House, holds the highest position in the House and is second in line for presidential succession. Today the number of women in statewide elective executive posts is 90--including 9 governors and 15 lieutenant governors--and the proportion of women in state legislatures is more than 29 percent. Of the 1,366 mayors of U.S. cities with populations of 30,000 and above, 300--or 22 percent--are women. 

These victories are a direct result of women continuing the fight to ensure that all women received the right to vote. While the victory in 1920 allowed a large bloc of women the right to vote--by and large white women--there was still work to be done. Hundreds of Black women participated in the suffrage movement however, they reaped no rewards for their efforts. Among them were Ida B. Wells, Harriet Tubman, Augusta Chissell, Margaret Gregory Watkins, Estelle Young, Sojourner Truth, Frances Ellen Watkins, Coralie Franklin Cook, Mary Church Terrell, Anna J. Cooper, Bertha Pitts Campbell, Osceola Adams, Vashti Turley Murphy, and Nannie Helen Burroughs. The efforts of these women, along with the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s, would contribute to women of all races gaining the right to vote. And while Asian American women were granted the right to vote in 1952, and Native American women in 1957, Jim Crow laws kept the majority of Black women from voting until the Voting Rights Act of 1965. 

The subsequent emergence of women--of all races, religions and ethnicities--being elected to public office can be traced to the political empowerment that resulted when women received the right to vote. As liberator and suffragist, Harriet Tubman said, “Every great dream begins with a dreamer. Always remember, you have within you the strength, the patience and the passion to reach for the stars to change the world.” Kamala Harris’ nomination for Vice President exemplifies Tubman’s words. While Black women were often excluded from mainstream suffrage activities and indeed were not completely granted the right to vote as a result of the suffragist movement, on this 100th anniversary of the adoption of the 19th amendment, the first Black and Asian American woman is now on the Democratic Presidential ticket as Vice President. This is truly a significant moment in the history of our nation, and a great example of how constitutional amendments work to create a society that is inclusive for all.

Congratulations to Vice Presidential nominee, Kamala Harris--and to all women elected officials--who demonstrate their strength, patience and passion to reach for the stars to change the world, just as the suffragists did who paved the way for them. For further information please use these links:


As a Suffrage100MA supporter, we proudly invite you and/or your organization(s) to join us in promoting the premiere of our film, "The Fight for Women’s Suffrage: Looking Back Marching Forward," a commemoration of the passage of the 19th Amendment. Our never-before-seen film gives a multi-faceted glimpse into the suffrage movement— from the abolitionist movement in the 19th century that led to the suffrage movement, to the ratification of the 19th Amendment 100 years ago. Our hope is that viewers will learn more about the dramatic herstory and be inspired to VOTE in these critical upcoming elections. On Wednesday August 26th, the film will premiere at 6:00PM EST on YouTube and Facebook Live. To watch the film (no registration required) click here:


The ratification of the 19th Amendment in 1920, granting women suffrage, was clearly a milestone in U.S. legal history. Many historians, however, would argue that transformative social change is the result of a continuous struggle rather than a single event.

Please click this link to read the complete story.

Women's Suffrage Centennial Update - Week of August 23 - 30, 2020
Please click this link for entire calendar of events.

Centennial Update August 23-30.pdf


Dear friends celebrating the suffrage centennial,

This is the week we’ve all been preparing for.  Attached is an Update of unveilings, performances, receptions, discussions and broadcasts August 23-30 celebrating women’s victory and adoption of the 19th Amendment.

It’s truly a nationwide event, full of imagination, creativity and perseverance.  We pay tribute to all those who have brought women’s struggle for the vote to the forefront as a critical part of our history that has been ignored for too long.

Please circulate this Update right away, if you can, so more people can participate or tune into the many exciting commemorations.  Many events from August 18 and later are now available online, and there are many more celebrations scheduled than we could list here.  Check with state centennial sites or the national calendars.

This Update will be available on the NWHA website shortly, along with earlier Updates, Gazettes and the Centennial Catalog.  The previous Update (for August 16-22) lists all the state centennial groups,

We hope you enjoy this week and the many commemorations that will follow into 2021.  Women’s history has never been so strongly recognized and we look forward to building on this expanded foundation.

Courtesy of the National Women's History Alliance. Please click this link for the calendar of activities: 

Centennial Update August 23-30.pdf


                                                                  Nothing Less

Baltimore and Maryland women stood on the front lines of the suffrage fight.

Baltimore suffragist Lucy Branham, in prison dress, speaking in 1919.

Susan B. Anthony, whose last speech was given in Baltimore at the 38th annual Convention of the National American Woman Suffrage Association in 1906.
Please click this link to read the entire story.

Women's Equality Day 2020 (WED 2020)

Maryland Women's Heritage Center (MWHC) is partnering with other groups in a statewide virtual suffrage celebration. Join this Women's Equality Day 2020 (WED2020) action to honor the suffragists who fought for our right to vote by doing the following on or before Saturday, August 22:

  • Take a photo or video of yourself holding a sign saying this, or something similar in your own words:  "(Name of favorite suffragist) fought for my right to vote.  I will vote."
  • Post your photo or video with the hashtag #WED2020Action to your social media pages on or before August 22--or just post a picture of your favorite suffragist, say who she is and that you will vote. 
  • Tag your friends and challenge at least 10 friends to join you in this virtual action
  • To frame your Facebook Profile Picture with a Suffrage Centennial Frame, click on the following link: 

Your own profile picture will appear on the right.  At the top of the list of options on the left, type in WED2020.  A frame will appear (look for the one created by CR Valeriann).  Click on that frame and it will appear on your profile picture.  You can position it as you like, set the time you want the frame to appear, and click "Use on Profile Picture."


USPS Suffrage Stamp, Aug. 22

With this stamp, the U.S. Postal Service commemorates the centennial of the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. Inspired by historic photographs, the stamp features a stylized illustration of suffragists marching with purple, white, and gold banners.


A 1,000 square foot mosaic of Ida B. Wells is being installed at Union Station in DC

 It's been 100 years since American women were granted the right to vote. To commemorate this milestone, a massive mosaic of suffragist and civil rights leader, Ida B. Wells, is being installed on the floor of Union Station in Washington DC.Please click here for the entire story:


On August 26, 1920, the 19th Amendment was enacted adding one keyword to the Constitution that no one could be denied the right to vote on account of sex. Join the WNDC Educational Foundation, Maryland Women's Heritage Center, the National Association of Colored Women's Clubs, and our other wonderful partners in an online series to recognize this milestone, the women and organizations who fought for the vote, and look ahead to meet today’s challenges to secure and protect the right to vote for all Americans.  

It is an honor that the Maryland Women's Heritage Center is one of the partners; we look forward to a successful program that broadens and deepens our understanding of our history.

For further information please contact Pamela Johnson at:


Speakers’ Biographies .pdf 

Road to the Vote Program (2).pdf


"Men their rights and nothing more;
                                Women their rights and nothing less.”

Please use this link to enjoy many interesting podcasts/


Mapping Suffrage Correspondence 

The lead up to the passage of the 19th amendment was a period of progressive reform in the US. Many of the individuals who fought for voting rights were also outspoken champions for abolition, temperance, the labor movement, and improved treatment of the mentally ill. Please click this link to view the video and read the entire story.


19th Amendment: The six-week 'brawl' that won women the vote.The decades-long fight for women’s suffrage is one of the defining civil rights struggles in U.S. history. It cuts to the heart of what democracy means – and holds powerful lessons for today. Part of our special 100th anniversary edition on women winning the right to vote. Click this link to read the full story.


Women’s Voting Rights Turn 100;
ProQuest Launches Open-Access Suffrage Collection

First Black Women to Vote in Virginia 1920
Please click this link for entire story.


Mississippi Didn't Ratify the 19th Amendment Until 1984. Here's Why Some States Waited Decades

Please click this link to read the entire story.
Courtesy of Time Magazine


Dear friends celebrating the suffrage centennial,

This week we're beginning the official celebration of ratification and adoption of the 19th Amendment to the Constitution and there are exciting commemorative events happening throughout the country. 

The linked Update for the Week of August 16-22 lists just a fraction of the many different ways Americans have chosen to celebrate women’s successful movement to win the vote.  The sheer number of performances, actions, panels, concerts, discussions, exhibit tours, presentations and other events is a joy to behold – and an incredible opportunity for education, celebration and further change. 

Events are happening in nearly every community.  Encourage your neighbors and young people to take part. This is an important anniversary of something that touches us all.  Thank you for keeping us up to date and we wish we could include more.  There is a lot to report for the week of August 23-30 and we’ll send an update out later this week. 

We hope you can celebrate the centennial of the women’s suffrage movement with all the energy, appreciation and pride it deserves.  Activity will continue throughout the year, around the election and into 2021 with even more special observances planned. Courtesy of the National Women's History Alliance.

To read the complete list of activities, please click this link: Centennial Update August 16-22.pdf


For Black Suffragists, the Lens Was a Mighty Sword

Photographs of generations of Black suffragists offer invaluable documents about their thwarted and central roles in the history of women’s rights.

On the last day of his life, Frederick Douglass attended a meeting of the National Women’s Council. The prodigious orator and abolitionist came home to Cedar Hill, his hilltop house in the Anacostia neighborhood of Washington, D.C.; spoke with his wife at the time, Helen Pitts Douglass, about the events and future plans; clasped his hands to his chest and died that evening. It seemed impossible that such an indomitable man was gone.

In a 1909 group portrait, the suffragist Nannie Helen Burroughs appears undaunted. Burroughs is central, framed by a black doorway at the National Training School in Washington, D.C.Credit...Library of Congress

  To read complete article, please use this link:


Learn about the establishment of the Roosevelt Recreation Center,
the first
Recreation Center in Baltimore.


The Following Organizations have made this honor possible:


Sandy Spring Museum to Receive Suffrage Marker on the
National Votes for Women Trail
Please click this link to read complete Press Release.

Sandy Spring Museum press release-1.pdf


100 Years Later, These Activists Continue Their Ancestors’ Work - By Elizabeth Williamson and Haruka Sakaguchi
Aug. 7, 2020. Please enjoy reading this outstanding NY Times Suffrage resource.


MWHC is a proud sponsor of the Montgomery County Commission for Women's

Virtual Commemoration of Suffrage 2020
Please enjoy the MWHC podcast and all of the Suffrage resource information.


Their Bond Would Not Break

Lucy Burns 1917


Visionary Philanthropy:
Mary Elizabeth Garrett, Women’s Education, and the 19th Amendment

Visionary Philanthropy: Mary Elizabeth Garrett, Women’s Education, and the 19th Amendment. For more information and to register please click this link.

Please visit: for more information about
Johns Hopkins University's Women's Suffrage Centennial Commemoration.


Diana M. Bailey, MWHC Executive Director, recorded a suffrage podcast story on 7/29/2020 at the Howard County Museum. Part 2 of Ballot and Beyond will be released in August with 25 podcasts of Valiant Maryland women. Thank you Preservation Maryland for the mini grant that was awarded to the Maryland Women's Heritage Center to support this project. Please watch for MWHC posts about the release dates of these podcasts.


"Rightfully Hers" Additional Resources


Monumental Statues SPEAK in Central Park, NY

Award-winning actors Jane Alexander, Viola Davis, America Ferrera, Rita Moreno, Zoe Saldana and Meryl Streep will portray Sojourner Truth, Susan B. Anthony and Elizabeth Cady Stanton in English and Spanish-Language ‘Talking Statues’ monologues that will accompany the Women’s Rights Pioneers Monument.

Actors Jane Alexander and America Ferrera will voice Susan B. Anthony, Viola Davis and Zoe Saldana will voice Sojourner Truth, and Meryl Streep and Rita Moreno will voice Elizabeth Cady Stanton.

Press Release July 17, 2020


 Please enjoy this 60 minute National Parks Service video, On theTrail of Suffrage Landmarks by author Penny Colman  


William Greaves, who directed the metafictional masterwork “Symbiopsychotaxiplasm: Take One,” made documentaries of similar originality, including “Ida B. Wells: A Passion for Justice,” from 1989 (now streaming on Kanopy and YouTube). Read all about it using this link:


Rightfully Hers Pop-Up Display

The ratification of the 19th Amendment was a landmark moment in American history that dramatically changed the electorate. It enshrined in the United States Constitution fuller citizenship for women and a more expansive democracy for the nation. This pop-up display contains simple messages about the expansion of the vote to millions of women, before and after the 19th amendment, and its impact today.  An educational tool for teaching about American government, the engaging and interpretative display is lightweight, easy to set-up, and requires no tools or walls.


Preservation Matters: Local women’s suffrage movement coalesced in early 20th century
Click this link to read complete article courtesy of the Frederick News Post


Writing Women Back into History Continues 

Virtual celebrations in honor of the 172nd anniversary of the
 first women's right convention at Seneca Falls, New York

"On the Trail of Suffrage Landmarks

A virtual presentation by noted historian and author, Penny Colman will stream on the Facebook and YouTube pages of the Women’s Rights National Historical Park, Seneca Falls on Saturday, July 18, at noon, New York time as part of the 2020 Convention Days celebration.\   

Valiant Women of the Vote Presentation A virtual celebration scheduled to honor the women who work and have worked for justice is scheduled for 1:00 California time on July 18th using a Zoom link. To register click on the link that follows or copy it into to your browser You will receive a Zoom link via email the day prior which you can use to join us at 1:00 pm California time on July 18th.

‘This Is Not a Boring History of Nagging Spinsters’

Women’s suffrage is the story of a political revolution — with all sorts of parallels to today.


Design your own Ratification Star

After decades of people fighting for women’s right to vote, the United States Senate and Congress passed the 19th Amendment to the Constitution:

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.


Plan a party to celebrate the 2020 centennial of the 19th Amendment any time this year – from the Fourth of July to Equality Day to Election Day and New Years! Colorful and imaginative products are available that set the tone and pay tribute to women’s great movement. Order from the sources under each product. Each website contains further products and a wide array of resources.

Supplement to the Women's Suffrage Centennial Catalog.pdf

Suffragents Quiz

How much do you know about the men who supported women’s suffrage? 
Please click on this link to find out.

To view Historic Newspapers Interactive Suffrage Timeline country by country over the decades
Please click this link:

Commemorating 100 years of women's right to vote. Should We Care What the Men Did? by: Brooke Kroeger.

The 19th Amendment: 100 Years

Courtesy of the National Park Service

NEWS RELEASE FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: Media Contact: Nicholas Redding, Executive Director Preservation Maryland

Maryland Women’s Heritage Center was granted $3,000 from the Heritage Fund to assist in the research and recording of audio biographies of many of Maryland’s suffragists. 

Please CLICK HERE to read about this award

GOOD NEWS: It's official: the Women's Suffrage Centennial Commission and supporting national organizations have extended the Suffrage Centennial through 2021! Note that the 100th anniversary year is actually 8/2020-8/2021. 

The Maryland Women’s Heritage Center fully supports this extension and is pleased and excited by the opportunity to ensure the Suffrage Centennial is a success in Maryland! Please join us in the celebration and help spread the word: 

Suffrage Centennial 2020-2021

  • Women’s Vote Centennial Initiative (WVCI)
  • Women’s Suffrage Centennial Commission
  • National Votes for Women Trail
  • Women's Equality Day Celebration across Maryland
  • Maryland Women’s Heritage Center
  •  Commission on the Commemoration of the 100th Anniversary of the Passage of the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution

How the 1918 Flu Pandemic Played a Role in Women’s Suffrage

Please click here to read article

Lift as we Climb
by Jean Thompson,
special to the AFRO
Please click this link for the full article

Women’s Suffrage Centennial Exhibition | Library of Congress
Please enjoy this video tour courtesy of -
Please click on this link:

The beginning of the Suffrage Movement 
Women overcame influenza, social distancing, and political bias to win the right to vote.
A pandemic nearly derailed the women's suffrage movement
Please click this link to read the story:

"Votes for Women" Exhibit, Part 1

Historian Kate Clarke Lemay gave American History TV a guided tour of a National Portrait Gallery exhibit marking the centennial of the 19th Amendment. Using images of early suffrage leaders, Lemay showed how the movement intersected with the abolitionist and temperance movements. This was the first of a two-part program. 
Please click this link to view video:

Please use this link to take this Women's History Quiz

2020 Valiant Women of the Vote
Education Connection
Lesson Plans, Printable Handouts that can be converted for electronic use.
Please use this link


All courtesy of the
National Women's History Alliance

Historical documents and photographs from the libraries and historical societies of Allegany, Garrett and Washington Counties, Maryland.
The collection dealing with women's suffrage in Western Maryland is now available online. Please click on this link and enjoy reading about the suffrage contributions by the women in Western Maryland.

Please enjoy reading "Black Women and the Vote: Lifting as we Climb" - Courtesy of author, Jean Thompson
Please CLICK HERE for the story


Enjoy reading The National Women's History Alliance "Gazette" Volume II -

Please use this link:


"Standing on the Shoulders: is a musical trilogy about Harriet Tubman, "Mother" Jones and Woodie Guthrieand is written by Joe DeFilippo and performed by the R.J. Phillips Band, a group of Baltimore musicians. Joe DeFilippo: vocals, piano, bass guitar; Sue Tice: fiddle; Bill Phelan: mandolin, banjo, acoustic guitar; Leslie Darr, background vocals. Produced & recorded by: Bill Pratt at the Bratt Studio, Baltimore, MD.

Please CLICK HERE to listen to this wonderful song.


As recommended by The Power of the Women's Vote panel on September 22, 2018. A resource of interest to everyone that needs absentee voting information;

Please use this link for information:

Below is a list of national resources and resources from the State of Maryland of interest to women and girls. 

Click this link: MCW-Listening-Tour-Report-FINAL to read about the "VOICES OF MARYLAND WOMEN" and see the Maryland Commission for Women "Listening Tour" results.

Please CLICK HERE for Heritage Trail poster

How Women Won the Vote Gazette with many interesting articles. Courtesy of the National Women's History Project. Gazette_How-Women-Won-Vote- 

How Women Won the Vote and Planning for 2020. Courtesy of the National Women's History Project. How Women Won the Vote Volume 2 2018